This book could not have been written without the help of hundreds of others, many of them Iranians in America and Europe as well as in Iran.
In Geneva I benefited from the collection of papers and photographs assembled by Ardeshir Zahedi, former Foreign Minister of Iran; in New York from the shrewd advice of Akbar Lari and Ahmad Teherani, a former Iranian ambassador to South Africa; in Los Angeles from the wisdom of Ali and Anousheh Razi; in Orange County from the suggestions of Bijan Kian and Fred Ameri, my successor as Chairman of the World Affairs Council of Orange County. Invaluable too was Vojin Joksimovich, a nuclear safety engineer, whose experience in the atomic power industries of Britain and the United States enabled me to understand and narrate the tangled story of the Iranian nuclear power program.
I benefited greatly from many fine books about Iran, notably The Shah’s Last Ride by William Shawcross, The Last Great Revolution, by Robin Wright, The Last Shah of Iran by Houchang Nahavandi, Shia Revival by Vali Nasr and Persian Sphinx by Abbas Milani who is now engaged, monumentally, in writing the biographies on one hundred fifty of the last century’s most eminent Persians. Crisis by Hamilton Jordan refreshed my memories of Jimmy Carter’s tergiversations over admitting the Shah to America; From Cold War to Hot Peace, by Sir Anthony Parsons, recalled Margaret Thatcher’s change of front in regard to the Pahlavis. Shopping for Bombs by Gordon Corera provided a masterly analysis of the Pakistani scientist, A.Q. Khan’s black market contributions to nuclear proliferation.
My thanks are also due to Peggy Beale and Ayumi Hakaoka in America and Wendy Woodward in England who fought their way