27While rootcrop agriculture is an important means of livelihood for the poor,
it is only a part of the diverse portfolio of livelihood activities managed by
farming households. Enhancing the contribution of rootcrops to sustainable
livelihood of poor households is the overall goal of the Users’ Perspectives with
Agricultural Research and Development (UPWARD), an Asian participatory
research network sponsored by the International Potato Center (CIP).UPWARD’s research and development (R&D) framework has evolved mainly
through an inductive learning process, capitalizing on its cumulative field
experiences since its launching in 1990. In particular, the development of
UPWARD’s R&D framework has been marked by three key “phases”: thematic,
integrated, and livelihood systems.
A Livelihood Systems Framework
for Participatory Agricultural
Research: The Case of UPWARD
Thematic FrameworkIn its early years, UPWARD conducted intensive assessment and documentation
to fill in critical knowledge gaps in rootcrop agricultural systems in Asia. This
initial work also led to the identification of key thematic areas that UPWARD
then chose to focus on. These were the following:
|❑ Production systems - identifying and characterizing production
systems typologies; assessing local management of rootcrop agriculture;
strengthening local seed systems; improving management of crop
nutrients, pest and diseases; and utilizing homegardens for food security|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Participatory Research and Development for Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management: A Sourcebook.
Contributors: Julian Gonsalves - Editor, Thomas Becker - Editor, Ann Braun - Editor, Dindo Campilan - Editor, Hidelisa De Chavez - Editor, Elizabeth Fajber - Editor, Monica Kapiriri - Editor, Joy Rivaca-Caminade - Editor, Ronnie Vernooy - Editor.
Publisher: International Development Research Centre.
Place of publication: Ottawa.
Publication year: 2005.
Page number: 212.
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