Beyond Integrated Pest
Management: From Farm
Households to Learning
Capacity and Innovation
In 1989, the Norwegian Agency for Development Co-operation (NORAD) funded Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ensenanza (CATIE) to work in Nicaragua on integrated pest management (IPM). The initial project prescribed research, validation and technology transfer to make IPM more relevant for farm families with limited resources. The project is now finishing its third funding cycle, and has both broadened and deepened its approaches.
The current phase titled “Regional Program for IPM and Coffee Agroforestry” focuses on observational skills, ecological and economic reasoning, decisionmaking capacity and learning cycles through multi-actor and multi-organizational participatory methods with more than 70 local and national organizations. It still does replicated research, but has incorporated new layers of working methods and linkages. Recently, we have coalesced this experience into a framework of organizational learning capacity linked to local and national innovation systems in which the flow of information and linkages for knowledge generation play a key role.
This paper briefly explains why and then describes the approaches, with attention to the complementarity of diverse dimensions.