Buffalo Soldier Regiment: History of the Twenty-Fifth United States Infantry, 1869-1926

By John H. Nankivell | Go to book overview
Save to active project

CHAPTER III
THE ACT OF CONGRESS OF MARCH 3, 1869, AND THE ORGANIZATION
OF THE PRESENT 25TH INFANTRY, UNITED STATES ARMY—PRE-
VIOUS TWENTY-FIFTH INFANTRY REGIMENTS OF THE UNITED
STATES ARMY

The threat of foreign complications in Mexico having subsided and in keeping with our traditional policy of retrenchment at the conclusion of all our large wars, Congress, on March 3, 1869, passed an act reducing the number of infantry regiments of the regular army from forty-five to twenty-five. The reduction was to be accomplshed by the consolidation of all the infantry regiments then in the service into twenty-five regiments and in compliance with the provisions of the act the War Department in General Orders No. 16, Adjutant General’s Office, Washington, D. C, March 11, 1869, detailed the procedure to be followed in accomplishing the purposes of the act.

This order, among its many provisions, directed that the 39th Regiment be consolidated with the 40th; and thereafter be designated the 25th. It also provided that, “The senior company officers of each grade present for duty with any two regiments to be consolidated, and fit for active service, will be the officers of the consolidated regiment. The supernumerary officers will be ordered to their homes to await further orders, and supernumerary non-commissioned officers will be’honorably discharged unless they elect to remain in service in a lower grade.” Section VI of the same order directed that no new enlistments were to be made until the number of men was reduced to the maximum number authorized by law for twenty-five regiments. This did not preclude the re-enlistment of men already in the service.

Further details for the consolidation of the infantry regiments were contained in General Orders No. 17, Headquarters of the Army, Adjutant General’s Office, dated at Washington, D. C, March 15, 1869, and of particular concern to the newly created 25th Infantry was the following paragraph:

“30. Twenty-fifth Infantry (Colored) to be composed of the’39th and 40th Regiments.

“The 39th and 40th regiments will be consolidated, and hereafter be known as the 25th Infantry. The 39th, now in North Carolina, will be relieved as soon as possible, and will proceed to New Orleans, there to be consolidated with the 40th, now in the Department of Louisiana.* The field officers will be:

Joseph A. Mower, Colonel;
Edward W. Hinks, Lieutenant Colonel;
Zenas R. Bliss, Major.”

The 40th Infantry arrived in New Orleans from its stations in North Carolina, on April 13th, 1869, and the following order was published by Brevet Major General Joseph A. Mower, commanding the Department of Louisiana:


HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF LOUISIANA,
New Orleans, La., April 13, 1869.

In pursuance of General Orders Nos. 16 and 17, current series, from Headquarters of the Army, Washington, D. C, the Thirty-ninth and Fortieth Regiments of Infantry will be consolidated, company by company, to be afterwards designated as the Twenty-fifth Regiment U. S. Infantry, in the following order:

* This statement is obviously incorrect because at the date of this order. March 15, 1869. the 40th Inf., and not the 39th. was in North Carolina. The 39th was in Louisiana at the time. See record of events for 39th and 40th Regiments on pages 7. 8. and 9.

-11-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Buffalo Soldier Regiment: History of the Twenty-Fifth United States Infantry, 1869-1926
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 248

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?