Buffalo Soldier Regiment: History of the Twenty-Fifth United States Infantry, 1869-1926

By John H. Nankivell | Go to book overview

CHAPTER IV
SERVICE IN DEPARTMENT OF LOUISIANA—DEATH OF COLONEL MOWER
—DEPLETED STRENGTH OF REGIMENT—MOVEMENT TO TEXAS-
ARRIVAL AT NEW STATIONS—REPORT OF INSPECTOR GENERAL
—CHANGES AMONG THE OFFICERS.

From its organization on April 20, 1869, until May, 1870, the Twenty-fifth Infantry remained at its stations in Louisiana and Mississippi performing the usual garrison duties. Colonel and Brevet Major General Mower died at New Orleans on January 6, 1870, and was succeeded in the command of the regiment by Colonel (Brevet Major General) Joseph J. Reynolds, then in command of the Department of Texas.

During its year of service in the Department of Louisiana the regiment was much depleted by the discharge of men on the expiration of their term of service, with but few re-enlisting. By May, 1870, the enlisted strength had dropped to 507, present and absent. Little effort seems to have been made at recruiting, and the strength of the companies for the next twenty-eight years rarely exceeded fifty men each.

On April 21, 1870, telegraphic orders were received from the Headquarters, Department of Texas, directing the Twenty-fifth Infantry, upon being relieved by the Nineteenth Infantry, to proceed to San Antonio, Texas, via Indianola, Texas, there to rendezvous prior to being sent to stations in West Texas. The movement to Texas commenced late in May, and was completed by the arrival of all units of the regiment at San Antonio on June 9, 1870. Major Bliss, with Companies B, C and G, had preceded the remainder of the regiment to San Antonio, and was in camp there when the main body under Lieutenant Colonel Hinks arrived.

The activities of the regiment for the period June to December, 1870, are concisely set forth in the “Record of Events” in the Regimental returns, and from which I quote the following:

JUNE In pursuance of S.O. No. 4 c. s. Headquarters Department of Texas, Headquarters and Band and Companies A, D, E, F, H, I and K, left Indianola, Texas, at 3 p. m. June 1st, enroute to San Antonio, Texas, where the detachment arrived at 8 p. m., 9th June 1870, having marched 160 miles. Found Companies B, C and G, under command of Major Bliss in

COLONEL JOSEPH J. REYNOLDS
Brevet Major General U. S. Volunteers,
Colonel 25th Infantry, January 6, 1870 to December 15, 1870.

-15-

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