Self Care Theory in Nursing: Selected Papers of Dorothea Orem

By Katherine McLaughlin Renpenning; Susan G. Taylor | Go to book overview
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CHAPTER 1 Essential Requirements for the Practice of Nursing: An Analysis
The application of the art of nursing to specific persons in need of nursing assistance constitutes the practice of the art. Nursing, like all arts, has a range of practice that extends from the simple to the complex and at all times has undeveloped, partially developed, as well as unknown areas of practice. Since nursing is an art that renders a personal service to patients and physicians, it is necessarily practiced in those situations. The requirements for the effective practice of the art of nursing are derived from the art itself, from its modes or forms of practice, from the situations where patients reside and where physicians give medical care, and from the practitioners of nursing. There is need to understand these requirements, since the practitioner of nursing does not have responsibility for, and often has no control over, the specific situations in which she practices her art. The nurse goes where she is needed by patients and by physicians.The essential requirements for the effective practice of nursing fall into three groups: relationships, qualifications of practitioners, and situational requirements. The specific requirements that constitute each group are listed as follows.
ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENTS for
THE PRACTICE OF NURSING

Relationships
1. A personal relationship between the nurse and her patient, like the relationship between friends, with the nurse in the role of the more

This paper was originally presented as a report prepared for the Division of Hospital and Institu-
tional Services of the Indiana State Board of Health in October, 1956.

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