Critical Thinking for Addiction Professionals

By Michael J. Taleff | Go to book overview

Glossary

accommodation process: a process whereby we modify our thinking to fit the facts.

ad hominem fallacy: criticizes the person, not the argument.

after this, therefore because of this fallacy (post hoc, ergo propter hoc, or a false cause): believing that just because something occurred before an event it was that something that caused the event.

appeal to authority fallacy: wants you to believe that just because some people are supposedly experts, then what they say is accurate.

appeal to force fallacy: enduring pressure, be it economic, physical, or other forms of influence, to sway an argument. appeal to ignorance (ad ignorantiam): assumes that in some mysterious way the absence of evidence supports something as true.

appeal to the many fallacy: gains its influence from consensus, and the belief that because everybody is doing it, it is the right thing to do.

appeal to pity fallacy: coercion with an emotional twist (feel sorry for me).

appeal to tradition or folk wisdom: similar to the appeal to authority, but in this case the appeal is not to a person, but to a doctrine.

argument: a set of claims designed to settle a main point.

assimilation bias: seeing the world through our own set of schemacolored glasses.

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