|1.||Basic description—A rural health nurse is a generalist who practices professional nursing in communities with relatively low populations that are geographically and often culturally isolated. Rural nurses have close ties to and interaction with the communities in which they practice, and often practice with a great deal of autonomy and independence. A commitment to providing care at the individual, family, and community level is central to the role of a rural nurse. A strong and varied experience base is crucial in rural nursing, as the population that the rural nurse must care for ranges from infants to the elderly. Therefore, a rural nurse must know everything about every stage of life. Experience with rural communities is also a benefit in order to understand the cultural context within which the people live. For most rural nurses, traveling between isolated communities is part of their role. Rural nurses may operate from a clinic or small hospital, while others may base themselves out of a large mobile health center. The activities by rural nurses are vast; a nurse may give prenatal care to a 25-year-old woman and then treat an 80-year-old for a bladder infection, or teach a recent stroke victim how to get in and out of the shower.|
|2.||Educational requirements—RN preparation.|
|3.||Core competencies/skills needed:|
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Publication information: Book title: 101 Careers in Nursing. Contributors: Jeanne M. Novotny - Editor, Doris T. Lippman - Editor, Nicole K. Sanders - Editor, Joyce J. Fitzpatrick - Editor. Publisher: Springer. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 2003. Page number: 162.