Dual Relationships and Psychotherapy

By Arnold A. Lazarus; Ofer Zur | Go to book overview
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Boundary Violations
Do Some Contended Standards of Care Fail
to Encompass Commonplace Procedures of
Humanistic, Behavioral, and Eclectic

Martin H. Williams, PhD

One matter that may be discussed at malpractice proceedings—before a civil court, licensing board, or ethics committee— concerns the inappropriate crossing of boundaries by the psychotherapist. These “boundary violations” include, but are not limited to: hugging, dining with, self-disclosing personal information or feelings to, making house calls to, exchanging gifts with, engaging in

Reprinted by permission of the Division of Psychotherapy (29) of the American Psychological
Association. Williams, M. H. (1997). Boundary violations: Do some contended standards
of care fail to encompass commonplace procedures of humanistic, behavioral and eclectic
psychotherapies? Psychotherapy: Theory/Research/Practice/Training, 34, 239–249.


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