Spanish Texas, 1519-1821

By Donald E. Chipman; Harriett Denise Joseph | Go to book overview

FIVE
International Rivalry and the East
Texas Missions, 1689–1714

The last third of the seventeenth century would test the effectiveness of Spanish imperial policy in the Americas. Symptomatic of the problem was a malaise of leadership rooted in the king himself, for on September 17, 1665, a four-year-old sickly child who was mentally subnormal and afflicted with rickets ascended the Spanish throne. Charles II was the tragic product of incestuous marriages that had linked the Hapsburg families of Spain and Austria for nearly two centuries. Seven of the king’s eight great-grandparents were direct lineal descendants of one woman, the psychologically unstable Spanish queen Juana la Loca (14791555). Charles, known in history as el Hechizado (the Bewitched), was incapable of either ruling or fathering an heir. In fairness to the Spanish crown, the national economy, especially during the “tragic decade” (1677–1687), experienced calamities of “biblical proportions”—prolonged drought, crop failures, decimated livestock herds, sharp agricultural price increases, and epidemic disease. Spain during Charles II’s reign (1665–1700) has often been viewed as a corpse, picked over by internal parasites and foreign marauders. This conventional picture is no doubt overdrawn, because the country began a slow, painful upturn in the 1680s.1

Recovery, however, would take decades. By 1695 the moribund Spanish government felt obliged to auction the highest positions in the viceroyalties of Mexico and Peru to office seekers within the ranks of the wealthy nobility. To make matters worse, Spain was a pawn in the ambitions of the French king, Louis XIV. The first three wars of the Sun King made France and Spain almost constant enemies.2

That enmity was also evident in North America, and it had important implications for Spanish Texas. With the death of Charles II in 1700, Louis XIV maneuvered his grandson, the Duke of Anjou, onto the Spanish throne as Philip V. This union of Spain and France under the same ruling family created a preponderance of Bourbon power in Europe, as well as in America.

-83-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Spanish Texas, 1519-1821
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 368

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.