Wins, Losses, and Empty Seats: How Baseball Outlasted the Great Depression

By David George Surdam | Go to book overview

Notes

Abbreviations

BM: Baseball Magazine

NYT: New York Times

TSN: The Sporting News


Introduction

1. There were some similarities between the 1930s and baseball’s “Golden Age” of the postwar era. Baseball adapted to new technologies: radio and electric lights during the 1930s and television during the postwar period. Some franchises proved spectacularly inept, such as the Philadelphia Phillies in the 1930s and Pittsburgh Pirates in the 1950s. There were maverick owners: Larry MacPhail in the 1930s and Bill Veeck in the postwar era. Some teams reported persistent losses both during the Great Depression and in the postwar era. These losses were large enough that some clubs tried to relocate, especially the St. Louis teams, who made the attempt before and after World War II.

2. Burk, Never Just a Game and Much More Than a Game.

3. National League and American Association, Annual Meeting, 92.

4. National League and American Association, Annual Meeting, 104.

5. Fort, Sports Economics, 1st ed., 130.

6. “Baseball Owners Assailed as Trust,” NYT, April 3, 1937.

7. “Baseball Inquiry Refused,” NYT, April 15, 1937; “Cummings Orders Study on Baseball,” NYT, April 8, 1937; “Decision by Holmes Nips Baseball Case: Monopoly Charge,” NYT, April 10, 1937.

8. Researchers of demand for baseball games try to use a single ticket price, but the price-setting baseball owners offered a range of ticket prices. During the 1930s, most teams had three or four categories of seats, ranging from cheap bleacher seats to expensive box seats. The multiplicity of prices may have accounted for the counterintuitive findings of some researchers listed above, as they struggled to define the price variable.

Fort, “Inelastic Sports Pricing,” reviews many of the key studies.

9. Craig, “Organized Baseball,” vii.

10. Haupert and Winter, “Pay Ball.”

-353-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Wins, Losses, and Empty Seats: How Baseball Outlasted the Great Depression
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Introduction xiii
  • Prologue Clash of Titans 1
  • 1- The Financial Side of the Game 5
  • 1- The American Economy and the State of Baseball Profits 7
  • 2- Why Did Profits Collapse? the Revenue Side 27
  • 3- Why Did Profits Collapse? Player Salaries and Other Expenses 59
  • 4- Farm Systems 95
  • Conclusion of Economic Side 109
  • 2- The Game on the Field 111
  • 5- Competitive Balance 113
  • 6- Player Movement 131
  • 3- Using League Rules to Aid in the Recovery 157
  • 7- Helping the Indigent 159
  • 8- Manipulating the Schedule to Increase Revenue 169
  • 4- Innovations to Boost Attendance and Profits 195
  • 9- Radio and Baseball 197
  • 10- Baseball under the Lights 219
  • 11- Other Innovations 247
  • 12- How Effective Were the Innovations? 279
  • 13- The Inept and the Restless Franchise Relocation 285
  • Epilogue the End of An Era 301
  • Appendix 1- Radio and Sunday Ball's Effect on Attendance 307
  • Appendix 2- Dramatis Personae 309
  • Appendix of Tables 315
  • Notes 353
  • Bibliography 399
  • Index 405
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 417

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.