1. Malcolm Gladwell, “The Order of Things: What College Rankings Really Tell Us,” New Yorker, February 14 and 21, 2011, p. 72.
2. Clark Kerr, The Uses of the University, 5th ed. (1963; Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001), p. 49.
3. Jaimes Amber, “Neouniversitas,” Harvard Crimson, October 12, 2010.
4. Abigail Adams to John Adams, August 14, 1776, in The Book of Abigail and John: Selected Letters of the Adams Family, 1762–1784, ed. L.H. Butterfield, Marc Friedlaender, and Mary-Jo Kline (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1975), p. 152; David Starr Jordan, quoted in Julie A. Reuben, The Making of the Modern University: Intellectual Transformation and the Marginalization of Morality (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996), p. 253.
5. Scott McNealy, chairman of Sun Microsystems, quoted in Anan Giridharadas, “Virtual Classrooms Could Create a Marketplace of Knowledge,” New York Times, November 6, 2009.
6. Bowen, commencement address at the graduate school of Indiana University, May 6, 2011. Alison Wolf, Does Education Matter? Myths about Education and Economic Growth (London: Penguin Books, 2002), p. 247.