Understanding Autism: Parents, Doctors, and the History of a Disorder

By Chloe Silverman | Go to book overview

INDEX
ABA. See applied behavior analysis
Adams, Christina, 179–80
ADI. See Autism Diagnostic Interview
ADOS. See Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule
adults with autism, 234; children of, 162, 286n100; medical problems of, 177; neurodiversity movement among, 234–35, 286nn97–104; self-advocacy by, 7, 11, 15, 125–26, 136, 161–64, 286n88; writings of, 161–62, 249n83, 286nn97–98, 295n57. See also self-advocacy movements
advocacy activities, 14–18, 23–24, 49–54; for biomedical treatments, 167–96; biosociality in, 16–18, 142–43, 184–85, 193–96, 240nn50–52, 241n57; for educational rights, 127; embrace of autistic culture in, 143; genetic citizenship debates in, 16–17, 23–24, 241nn57, 59; for genetic research, 149–52, 155–60; internet spaces of, 180–81, 207; for mental patients’ rights, 122; moral personhood debates in, 7, 11, 125–26, 143; neurodiversity debates in, 125, 155, 161–65, 176, 234–35, 273nn1, 3, 286n87; parent roles in, 15–16, 23–24, 53–54, 121–23, 267nn66–67, 273n7; political economy of, 17–18, 49–54, 242n62; on vaccines, 200–203, 206–7. See also names of specific organizations, e.g. Autism Society of America; self-advocacy movements
affective practices. See love
Aichhorn, August, 69, 79
AIDS research, 156–57
Akerley, Mary S., 130–32, 276n30
Allen, Woody, 254n5
allergies/immune dysfunction, 47, 164, 188–92, 204–5
alternative practices. See biomedical treatments
Alzheimer’s disease, 149, 280n33
amateur therapists. See parents’ treatment activities
American Academy of Pediatrics, 216
American Psychiatric Association. See Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Amsterdamska, Olga, 242n60
amygdala, 153, 155
animal models, 149–53, 209, 281nn42–43
antiviral medication, 178
apoptosis, 208–9
applied behavior analysis (ABA), 95, 108–9, 114, 121, 123–24, 172–73, 267n75. See also behavior modification techniques
ARI. See Autism Research Institute
Asperger, Hans, 37, 44–45, 50–51, 163, 243n25, 247n64, 278n4
Asperger syndrome, 12, 21, 37, 160, 243n25; diagnostic markers for, 50–52; gendered context of, 44–46, 247n64; self-advocacy in, 52, 161–64
autism (definitions), 2–3, 48–49, 107, 237n4
Autism Biomedical Discussion Group (ABMD), 180–81, 295n54
Autism Birth Cohort (the ABC Project), 288n113
Autism Diagnostic Interview (ADI), 54–55, 59, 60, 194, 252n116
Autism Diagnostic Interview–Revised (ADI–R), 57, 148, 280n25
Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), 54–57, 59, 60, 148, 194, 252nn116, 119, 280n25

-329-

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