Between Citizens and the State: The Politics of American Higher Education in the 20th Century

By Christopher P. Loss | Go to book overview

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

1. He was president from 1990 to 1995.

2. Richard Hofstadter, “Columbia University Commencement Address,” 1968, in American Higher Education Transformed, 1940–2005, ed. Wilson Smith and Thomas Bender (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008), 384.


CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION: THE POLITICS OF AMERICAN HIGHER EDUCATION
IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

1. On the rise of research, see Laurence R. Veysey, The Emergence of the American University (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965); Roger L. Geiger, To Advance Knowledge: The Growth of American Research Universities, 1900–1940 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986); Roger L. Geiger, Research and Relevant Knowledge: American Research Universities since World War II (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993); Stuart W. Leslie, The Cold War and American Science: The Military-Industrial-Academic Complex at MIT and Stanford (New York: Columbia University Press, 1993); Bruce Hevly and Peter Galison, ed., Big Science: The Growth of Large-Scale Research (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1992); Rebecca S. Lowen, Creating the Cold War University: The Transformation of Stanford (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997); Hugh Davis Graham and Nancy Diamond, The Rise of American Research Universities: Elites and Challengers in the Postwar Era (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997); Margaret Pugh O’Mara, Cities of Knowledge: Cold War Science and the Search for the Next Silicon Valley (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005); and Jonathan R. Cole, The Great American University: Its Rise to Preeminence, Its Indispensible National Role, Why It Must Be Protected (New York: Perseus, 2009). On the professions, see Mary O. Furner, Advocacy & Objectivity: A Crisis in the Professionalization of American Social Science, 1865– 1905 (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1975); Magali Sarfatti Larson, The Rise of Professionalism: A Sociological Analysis (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977); Thomas L. Haskell, The Emergence of Professional Social Science: The American Social Science Association and the Crisis of Authority (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1977); and Dorothy Ross, The Origins of American Social Science (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991). On the “proministrative state,” see Brian Balogh, “Reorganizing the Organizational Synthesis: Federal-Professional Relations in Modern America,” Studies in American Political Development 5 (1991): 119–72; and Brian Balogh, Chain Reaction: Expert Debate and Public Participation in American Commercial Nuclear Power, 1945–1975 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991).

2. For two exceptions, see Mark R. Nemec, Ivory Towers and Nationalist Minds: Universities, Leadership, and the Development of the American State (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2006), which focuses on the period between the Civil War and World

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