THE ORIGINS OF
THE FOUNDATIONS OF THE CONTEMPOrary paradoxes in special education—such as the interlocking of the institutions and organizations built around the right to schooling and those established to control social deviants and the simultaneous rise of segregation and inclusion in recent decades—were laid far back in time. The origins of special education are with us today in the ideas, interests, and institutions that, despite their variability across nations, harken back to shared Enlightenment concepts. These concepts guided key personalities and influenced not only their writing of seminal works, but also the types of organizations—charitable, educational, medical, and penal—that they founded. We argue that Enlightenment debates and concepts are the true ideational origins of special education, which antedated compulsory schooling, and that these concepts, conflicts, and even organizational solutions can be found in contemporary societies. Moreover, in tracing the institutionalization
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Publication information: Book title: Comparing Special Education: Origins to Contemporary Paradoxes. Contributors: John G. Richardson - Author, Justin J. W Powell - Author. Publisher: Stanford University Press. Place of publication: Stanford, CA. Publication year: 2011. Page number: 23.
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