From Deficit to Deluge: The Origins of the French Revolution

By Thomas E. Kaiser; Dale K. Van Kley | Go to book overview
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Abolitionist movements, 223, 234–35
Académie française, 177, 192, 199, 204
Alembert, Jean le Rond d’, 132, 169, 175
American Revolution, 44, 108, 143, 295n8; and Assembly of Notables, 57, 65, 139–40, 183, 258; and Austrian expansion, 139, 147–48; and court politics, 13–14, 30, 64, 148, 150–54, 258; and enlightened reform, 255, 261; and fiscal crisis, 37, 56–58, 139–40, 163–64, 257–59; and MarieAntoinette, 30, 151, 153, 157, 160, 162– 63; and Quadruple Alliance, 299– 300; and the church, 137; and Turkish War, 139, 299n60
Annales school, 13, 73
Antoine, Michel, 12
Argenson, Marie-Pierre de Voyer, comte d’, 146
Argenson, René-Louis Voyer de Paulmy, marquis d’, 204, 260, 267
Aristocratic reaction, thesis of, 9, 11–12
Artois, Charles-Philippe, comte d’, 265
Assembly of Notables (first): and court politics, 151–53, 258; and EstatesGeneral, 3, 29, 57, 87, 140, 259; and fiscal reforms, 3, 57–58, 60–62, 65–66, 83, 87, 139–40, 150, 153, 183, 249, 258, 261; and foreign affairs, 155; and parlements, 4, 63, 140, 183, 259, 263–64
Assembly of Notables (second), 231, 263–64
Austrian foreign policy: attracting France to Quadruple Alliance, 156, 159–63; detaching France from Ottoman alliance, 156–63; efforts to co-opt French policy, 141; exchanging the Austrian Netherlands for Bavaria, 147–48; priority of opposition to Prussia, 145, 147; pro-Russian tilt, 147, 156; reconquest of Silesia, 145; role in Partition of Poland, 147; sponsorship of Brienne in French ministry, 153–54; sponsorhip of Necker in French ministry, 159–60. See also French foreign policy; Prussia
Bailly, Jean-Sylvain, 240, 243
Baker, Keith Michael, 2, 16–17, 19, 31–32, 34, 203, 217, 255
Barber, Elinor, 9
Barentin, Charles-Louis-François de Paule de, 268
Barère, Bertrand, 239–40, 244
Barry, Jeanne Bécu, comtesse du, 204–5
Beaumont, Christophe de, archbishop, 212
Bell, David, 19, 215
Bernis, François-Joachim, abbé, later cardinal, 146
Besenval, Pierre-Victor, baron de, 60
Bien, David, 12
Blanning, T. C. W., 20
Bodin, Jean, 117, 289n14
Bombelles, Marc-Marie, marquis de, 207
Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne, bishop, 134
Bourbon absolutism, 111; attributes of


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