|1882||James Augustine Joyce (JJ) born (2 Feb.), eldest surviving son of John Stanislaus Joyce, a collector of rates, and Mary Jane Joyce, in Rathgar, Dublin. Phoenix Park Murders (May).|
|1886||Gladstone’s Home Rule Bill defeated.|
|1888||JJ enrolled at Clongowes Wood College.|
|1890||Parnell ousted as leader of Home Rule Party.|
|1891||JJ removed from Clongowes after John Joyce loses his job as rates collector. Death of Parnell (6 Oct.). JJ writes his first poem ‘Et Tu, Healy’ in response.|
|1893||JJ enters Belvedere College after the school fees are waived. Gaelic League founded.|
|1898||JJ enters Royal University (now University College, Dublin).|
|1899||JJ attends premiere of Yeats’ The Countess Cathleen. Later refuses to sign a letter of protest against the play.|
|1900||JJ presents paper ‘Drama and Life’ to the university Literary and Historical Society.|
|1901||JJ publishes his polemical essay ‘The Day of the Rabblement’.|
|1902||JJ leaves university and registers for the Royal University Medical College. Meets Yeats, Lady Gregory and George Moore. Decides to leave medical school and move to Paris to study medicine. Brother George dies (3 May).|
|1903||JJ abandons medicine and begins to concentrate upon a literary career. Returns to Dublin during his mother’s last illness. Mother dies (13 Aug.).|
|1904||JJ begins to compose the stories that will become Dubliners; three are published in the Irish Homestead. He writes essay ‘A Portrait of the Artist’. Develops manuscript of ‘Stephen Hero’. Teaches at Clifton School, Dalkey. First goes out with Nora Barnacle (16 June). JJ and Nora begin their continental exile in|
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Publication information: Book title: James Joyce: A Critical Guide. Contributors: Lee Spinks - Author. Publisher: Edinburgh University Press. Place of publication: Edinburgh. Publication year: 2009. Page number: x.
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