1882James Augustine Joyce (JJ) born (2 Feb.), eldest surviving son of John Stanislaus Joyce, a collector of rates, and Mary Jane Joyce, in Rathgar, Dublin. Phoenix Park Murders (May).
1886Gladstone’s Home Rule Bill defeated.
1888JJ enrolled at Clongowes Wood College.
1890Parnell ousted as leader of Home Rule Party.
1891JJ removed from Clongowes after John Joyce loses his job as rates collector. Death of Parnell (6 Oct.). JJ writes his first poem ‘Et Tu, Healy’ in response.
1893JJ enters Belvedere College after the school fees are waived. Gaelic League founded.
1898JJ enters Royal University (now University College, Dublin).
1899JJ attends premiere of Yeats’ The Countess Cathleen. Later refuses to sign a letter of protest against the play.
1900JJ presents paper ‘Drama and Life’ to the university Literary and Historical Society.
1901JJ publishes his polemical essay ‘The Day of the Rabblement’.
1902JJ leaves university and registers for the Royal University Medical College. Meets Yeats, Lady Gregory and George Moore. Decides to leave medical school and move to Paris to study medicine. Brother George dies (3 May).
1903JJ abandons medicine and begins to concentrate upon a literary career. Returns to Dublin during his mother’s last illness. Mother dies (13 Aug.).
1904JJ begins to compose the stories that will become Dubliners; three are published in the Irish Homestead. He writes essay ‘A Portrait of the Artist’. Develops manuscript of ‘Stephen Hero’. Teaches at Clifton School, Dalkey. First goes out with Nora Barnacle (16 June). JJ and Nora begin their continental exile in


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James Joyce: A Critical Guide


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