Index
4-M model, 40–1, 43, 47–9, 56 problems with, 50–3
Abdel-Jawad, H., 101, 121
Abdel-Malek, Z., 71
abstract vṣ concrete code-switching, 83
Abu-Haidar, F., 18, 107–9, 126n, 157
Abu-Lughod, L., 136, 137, 145, 151–4, 190
Abu-Melhim, A. R., 71
academies of language, 256–8
Academy of the Arabic Language, 240, 245
‘access’, 161
accommodation theory, 64
Addis Ababa agreement, 247
adjective ‘old’, dialectal varieties, 25
adverbs, dialectal varieties, 24
advertisements, 180
age
and language change, 116
and social status, 190

Akhbār al-Adab, 257, 270

Al-Ahram (Egyptian newspaper), 146

al-Anṣārī, N., 266
al-Anṣārī, N. and M. al-Anṣārī, 207–8
al-Dīn, Y., 270
Al-Farazdaq, 149
al-Khansāʾ, 149
Al-Khateeb, M. A. A., 158

al-Khubz al-ḥāfī, 88

al-Madanī, A. T., 215
al-Mubarāk, M., 202
Al-Muhannadi, M. 158
al-Nadīm, A., 239
al-Qaʾīd, Y., 9
al-Sayyid, L., 239
al-Shaʿb, M., 177–8

al-Shumū ʿal-sawdāʾ (‘Black candles’), 190–1

al-Sibāʿī, Y., novels of, 71

al-Siyāsah al-Usbūʿīyah (‘Weekly Politics’), 240

al-ʿUrūbah fī muqābil al-ʿawlamah (‘Arabness in the face of globalisation’), 207–8

al-Watad (‘The tent peg’, Shalabī), 191–2

Al-Wer, E., 100, 101–2, 105, 121
al-Zāwī, A., 220
Alawis, 231
Alexandria, 126n
Alexandrian Arabic, 110
Algeria, 203, 232–4
French colonisation, 213–21
languages used, 211
‘allegiance’ and ‘alliances’, 133
Allūbah, M., 240
Amara, M. H., 251–2
Amman, Jordan, new dialect, 102
‘analogical derivation’, 257
Anglo-American capitalism, 267
Arab Academy of Damascus, 256–7
Arab Academy of Language, 242
Arab League (AL), 209
Arab nation, 242
Arab world, 20, 210–12, 269
Arabic identity, 208–9
Arabic Language Academy in Cairo, 257
Arabic Language Academy of Jordan, 257

-299-

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Arabic Sociolinguistics
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgements viii
  • Charts, Maps and Tables x
  • Abbreviations xii
  • Conventions Used in This Book xiv
  • Introduction 1
  • Chapter 1 - Diglossia and Dialect Groups in the Arab World 9
  • Chapter 2 - Code-Switching 28
  • Chapter 3 - Language Variation and Change 88
  • Chapter 4 - Arabic and Gender 128
  • Chapter 5 - Language Policy and Politics 198
  • General Conclusion 273
  • Bibliography 276
  • Index 299
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