The Dead Sea Scrolls and Christian Origins

By Joseph A. Fitzmyer | Go to book overview
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CHAPTER 7
Aramaic Evidence Affecting
the Interpretation of Hōsanna
in the New Testament

Three of the evangelists preserve the Semitic word hōsanna in their Greek accounts of Jesus' entry into the city of Jerusalem. The earliest occurrence is found in Mark 11:9-10:

. “Those who went before and those who followed kept crying aloud, ‘Hosanna! Blest be he who comes in the name of the Lord! Blest be the kingdom of our Father David that is coming! Hosanna in the highest!’”

Matthew has slightly redacted the same acclamation in 21:9:

, “The crowds that went before him and those following kept crying aloud, saying, ‘Hosanna to the son of David! Blest be he who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!’” Matthew also repeats the first part of the acclamation as he recounts the reaction of the chief priests and the scribes to Jesus' purging of the Temple and the children crying aloud in the Temple precincts (21:15), , “Hosanna to the son of David!”

The third and last evangelist who records the cry is not the Synoptist Luke,1 but John in his account of Jesus' entry into Jerusalem (12:13):

1. Luke undoubtedly omitted

because its meaning would have been missed

-119-

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