Spellings in quotations have been, for the most part, left unaltered, though for the sake of ease of reading, contemporary shorthand has been expanded and modernized (e.g., “ye” replaced with “the”; Compa rendered “Company”; and so on). Spelling in this period, even of names and especially of non-English terms, was variable; the use of [sic] or any other marker has been reduced to an absolute minimum and employed only where absolutely necessary. Place and personal names in nonquoted text have mostly been modernized but contemporary usage retained where there exists a common or familiar historical usage (e.g., Bengkulu not Bencoolen, but Bombay not Mumbai). All emphasis in quotations (italics and capitalizations) is original, unless otherwise noted.
All dates appear in the English (“old”) style. Years in the text have been rendered with the calendar year beginning 1 January, though dates in the notes have been cited using contemporary convention, with the year beginning 25 March (e.g., 4 February 1677 in the text but 4 February 1676/7 in the notes).