Abed, G. T, and H. R. Davoodi. 2000. “Corruption, Structural Reforms, and Economic Performance in the Transition Economies.” IMF Working Paper WP/00/132.
Ades, A., and R. Di Telia. 1997. “The New Economics of Corruption: A Survey and Some New Results.” Political Studies 45: 496–515.
———. 1999. “Rents, Competition, and Corruption.” American Economic Review 89, no. 4: 982–992.
Adsera, A., C. Boix, and L. Payne. 2000. “Are You being Served? Political Accountability and Quality of Government.” Inter-American Development Bank Research Department Working Paper 438. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Agh, A. 1999. “The Parliamentarization of the East Central European Parties: Party Discipline in the Hungarian Parliament, 1990–1996.” In Parliamentary Discipline and Parliamentary Government, Ed. S. Bowler, D. Farrell, and R. Katz.. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.
Agrawal, A. 2000. “Small Is beautiful, but Is Larger Better? Forest-Management Institutions in the Kumaon Himalaya, India.” In People and Forests: Communities, Institutions, and Governance, Ed. C. Gibson, M. McKean, and E. Ostrom. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Aldrich, J. H. 2008. “Political Parties in and out of Legislatures.” In Handbook of Comparative Politics. Ed. C. Bois and S. Stokes. New York: Oxford University Press.
Aldrich, J. H, andD. W Rohde. 1997–1998. “Theories of Party in the Legislature and the Transition to Republican Rules in the House.” Political Science Quarterly 112: 541–567.
Aldrich, J. H. 1995. Why Parties? The Origin and Transformation of Political Parties in the United States. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Alem an, E. 2006. “Policy Gatekeepers in Latin American Legislatures.” Latin American Politics and Society 48, no. 3: 125–126.
Alexander, H, andR. Shiratori. 1994. Comparative Political Finance among the Democracies. Boulder, CO: Wesrview Press.
Ali, M. A., and H. S. Isse. 2003. “Determinants of Economic Corruption: A Cross-Country Comparison.” Cato Journal 22, no. 3: 449–466.
Alston, L. J., and B. Muellar. 2005. “Pork for Policy: Executive and Legislative Exchange in Brazil.” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 22, no. 1: 87-114doi: 10.1093
Alt, J. E., and D. D. Lassen. 2003. “The Political Economy of Corruption in American States.” Journal of Theoretical Politics 15, no. 3: 341–365.
America’s Insider. November 24, 2000. “Campaign Finance Scandal involving Cardoso Could Get Worse.” Available at http://www.allbusiness.com/specialty-businesses/713088–1.html. Accessed July 21, 2009.
Ames, B. 2001. The Deadlock of Democracy in Brazil. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.