Domestic Violence: Legal Sanctions and Recidivism Rates among Male Perpetrators

By S. Deborah Cosimo | Go to book overview
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CHAPTER SEVEN
Discussion

Prior research findings on men who batter, legal responses to domestic violence, and recidivism of domestic violence are a study in contradictions. Age is a predictor of recidivism; age is not a predictor. Race/ethnicity is a predictor of recidivism; race/ethnicity is not a predictor. Prior criminal history is a predictor of recidivism; prior criminal history is not a predictor. There is a program effect of battering intervention program participation; there is no program effect of battering intervention program participation. This chapter discusses the results of the chi-square, the results of the t-test, and the results of the Cox proportional hazards regression analysis of the hypotheses. It also examines how the results of this study relate to prior research.

Based upon the sample of 607 men, there is a 30.3% recidivism rate for domestic violence related offenses in the county. The rate includes criminal cases filed in the county for domestic violence related offenses and any protective orders processed through the county’s civil court between the date of the index case offense and December 31, 2006, approximately a five to six year period. Using official records, this is higher than other studies and less than rates found by other researchers. For example, one study found an 11.4% recidivism rate over a seven-year period for 70 men who participated in a battering intervention program (Lee, Uken, & Sebold, 2007). This recidivism rate is low in light of findings of other studies. Bouffard & Muftić (2007) found a 16% recidivism rate among domestic violence offenders over a 6 to 12 month follow-up period. With a follow-up period that ranged from 7 months to 58 months, Tollefson and Gross (2006) found

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