Exploring Vulnerability across
Multiple Types of Child
The primary objective of this study is to identify and assess a pathway into victimization by child sex trafficking in prostitution, specifically exploring the impact of a family context characterized by caregiver strain and child maltreatment and the consequences of subsequent individual risk-inflating responses to such strain. Prior to assessing the proposed structural equation models, preliminary analyses were conducted. First, the descriptive statistics of the study sample were examined to gain greater understanding of the data being utilized to test the suitability of the proposed models. In addition, bivariate analyses were computed to examine the strength, direction, and statistical significance of the associations between the 15 observed variables selected for inclusion in the structural equation models with the objective of evaluating the necessity and appropriateness of conducting further analysis.
Descriptive statistics of the observed variables included in the study are summarized in Table 5.1. Due to the original data collection procedures and matched research design (i.e., matching to an original sample of all child sexual abuse victims), the percentage of the sample that reported sexual victimization as a minor is not reflective of general population rates (Briere & Elliot, 2003). Twenty-six percent of the sample reported no juvenile sexual victimization. Fifty-five percent reported juvenile sexual victimization, either during childhood or