Transpacific Field of Dreams: How Baseball Linked the United States and Japan in Peace and War

By Sayuri Guthrie-Shimizu | Go to book overview

INTRODUCTION

“Whoever wants to know the heart and mind of America had better learn baseball,” Jacques Barzun famously wrote in 1954. Thus the French-born scholar of American culture identified baseball’s unique place in American life. Barzun’s paean to baseball has been so often quoted that it may almost sound like a cliché, yet its very staying power is an index of the evocative and even visceral qualities of the game’s connections to some inner core of American civilization. But is it the heart and mind of America alone that baseball has made us privy to? How about the hearts and minds of others outside the territorial borders of the United States who also pledged emotional allegiance to this game of bats and balls? After all, parallel baseball universes existed elsewhere in the world at the very time the game was establishing itself as postbellum America’s nationally played sport, as many baseball scholars, Peter Bjarkman foremost among them, have copiously documented. Cubans began taking enthusiastically to baseball in the 1860s after a cohort of youngsters returning from schooling in the United States brought their passion for the game to the Caribbean island under Spanish colonial rule. By the early 1870s, Cuba’s first professional team, the Habana Baseball Club, had been organized, and by the decade’s end, the first professional league was in place. That was contemporaneous with the formation of the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players (NAPBBP), the first professional league in the United States. Mexicans also began playing baseball at around the same time, and by the late 1870s they were challenging teams of North American sailors and railroad construction workers in places like Guaymas, Nuevo Laredo, and Tamaulipas. Halfway across the Pacific, the indigenous youths of the Hawaiian kingdom were facing off against children of white American settlers on the baseball diamond in the 1860s. That was decades before Albert G. Spalding, the paramount booster of American professional baseball, passed through the island during his ballyhooed tour to propagate “America’s Game” worldwide. Farther afield, and more than a decade before Spalding’s globe-girdling sporting expedition left the shores of California, a group of schoolboys were being won over to baseball on the other side of the Pacific Ocean, in the “Mikado’s Empire.” Given this surprising degree of contemporaneity and the amazing geographical span of the game’s diffusion in its early history, is it not valid also to suggest

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Transpacific Field of Dreams: How Baseball Linked the United States and Japan in Peace and War
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Introduction 1
  • 1 - Pacific Crossings 11
  • 2 - Colonial Baseball 40
  • 3 - Leagues of Their Own 75
  • 4 - The Business of Baseball 109
  • 5 - Empires of Fun and Games 140
  • 6 - Spartan Leagues 172
  • 7 - A Field of New Dreams 199
  • 8 - The Search for Postwar Order 225
  • Epilogue 242
  • Notes 246
  • Selected Bibliography 286
  • Index 306
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