Transpacific Field of Dreams: How Baseball Linked the United States and Japan in Peace and War

By Sayuri Guthrie-Shimizu | Go to book overview
Save to active project

8
THE SEARCH
FOR POSTWAR
ORDER

In the early postwar seasons, the chaos that often accompanies a new business enterprise afflicted Japanese professional baseball, where codified business rules were almost nonexistent. Player raiding and contract jumping were rampant, just as they had been in American professional baseball until the National Agreement of 1903 etched the rules of enterprise in granite. By 1949, the self-professed guardians of Japanese baseball in SCAP became seriously concerned by the Japanese pro league’s unstable business environment and self-destructive internal strife. General Marquat and Cappy Harada firmly believed in the supremacy and universal relevance of the American model and pushed for its application to Japan. In the business of baseball, that meant a two-league structure stabilized by the player “reserve clause” and an independent commissioner to adjudicate disputes among clubs.

It just so happened that their agenda perfectly dovetailed with the personal interests of the stalwart of prewar Japanese professional baseball, Shōriki Matsutarō, who was angling to reinsert himself into the professional baseball enterprise that had dared survive in the early postwar transition without him. On February 23, 1949, the Japanese Baseball Association, under Marquat’s instruction, created the office of baseball commissioner and appointed Shōriki, still the owner of the Tokyo Giants, to take up the position. Immediately afterward, however, Marquat encountered an angry protest from the director of SCAP’s Government Section, Courtney Whitney. A committed New Dealer and a force behind the drafting of Japan’s postwar pacifist constitution, Whitney had frequently locked horns with groups within SCAP that promoted or condoned the backsliding of American reform efforts in the “reverse course.” Whitney’s determined opposition to the appointment of Shōriki, a man still banned

-225-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Transpacific Field of Dreams: How Baseball Linked the United States and Japan in Peace and War
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 315

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?