Appendix: The Extended MindAndy Clark and David Chalmers[The authors are listed in order of degree of belief in the central thesis.]Where does the mind stop and the rest of the world begin? The question invites two standard replies. Some accept the demarcations of skin
and skull, and say that what is outside the body is outside the mind.
Others are impressed by arguments suggesting that the meaning of our
words “just ain’t in the head,” and hold that this externalism about
meaning carries over into an externalism about mind. We propose to
pursue a third position. We advocate a very different sort of externalism: an active externalism, based on the active role of the environment in
driving cognitive processes.
Extended CognitionConsider three cases of human problem solving:
|1. ||A person sits in front of a computer screen which displays images of
various two-dimensional geometric shapes and is asked to answer
questions concerning the potential fit of such shapes into depicted
“sockets.” To assess fit, the person must mentally rotate the shapes
to align them with the sockets.|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension.
Contributors: Andy Clark - Author.
Publisher: Oxford University Press.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 2008.
Page number: 220.
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