Nonproliferation Norms: Why States Choose Nuclear Restraint

By Maria Rost Rublee | Go to book overview

CONCLUSION

This book has entertained one of most interesting theoretical puzzles and serious policy issues today: why have so few states acquired nuclear weapons? To address the question, I have argued that we need to examine states’ social environments as well as security environments. If the international social environment created and supported by the NPT exerts influence on elite perceptions and decisions, then the security environment cannot be understood without understanding the social environment. This proposition led to two main insights. First, not all nuclear forbearance is alike. Some state elites may be persuaded, others may be constrained by social conformity, and still others may identify with important allies. Second, it is important to identify and understand the mechanisms through which the social environment exerts influence.

These issues are examined through in-depth analysis of Japan and Egypt and briefer assessments of Libya, Sweden, and Germany. While these case studies provide a great deal of insight, more countries need to be studied to confirm or counter findings categorically. However, some conclusions can be drawn. All five of these countries faced inhospitable security environments, and yet all ended up exercising nuclear forbearance. Their decision-makers did this not because of adequate security substitutes for nuclear weapons (although these helped), but because they redefined state goals in such a way as to devalue nuclear weapons. Without the norms and denial policies embedded in the nuclear nonproliferation regime, Egypt and Libya would have acquired a nuclear option, and Japan, Germany, and Sweden might have done so as well. But while the NPT and associated agreements were an important factor in these states’ nuclear forbearance, they were not the only cause of leaders’ redefinition of security and success, and this is a critical topic for further study.

For all five states, the shock of humiliating defeat in war may have jumpstarted this transformation of state interests. This is not likely the cause, however, in states such as South Africa, Argentina, Australia, Switzerland, and numerous other countries that once had nuclear weapons programs. Nevertheless, the international social environment created powerful forces to guide state decision-makers into making a public commitment against nuclear

-221-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Nonproliferation Norms: Why States Choose Nuclear Restraint
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 297

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.