Emma was published in December 1815 (title-page dated 1816) by John Murray on ordinary royalty terms after Jane Austen had turned down his offer of £450 for the copyrights of this novel, Sense and Sensibility, and Mansfield Park. Over half the first edition of about 2,000 copies had sold by the end of 1816. A French version, La Nouvelle Emma, appeared in that year; and so did the first American edition ( Philadelphia). Emma was included in Bentley cheap Standard Novels series (6s. a volume) with Jane Austen's other novels in 1833 (reprinted 1866, 1869, 1878-9, 1882), and in Carey and Lea Philadelphia edition ( 6 vols.; 1832-3; 1,250 copies). Since the first Everyman's Library edition introduced by R. Brimley Johnson ( London: Dent, 1892; rev. edn. Mary Lascelles , London: Dent; New York: Dutton; 1962-4), the six major novels have been reissued in cheap collected editions in (for example) World's Classics, Everyman, Penguin, Virago. The standard edition of the novels has been R. W. Chapman (illustrated; 6 vols.; Oxford, 1923-54; rev. Mary Lascelles, 1965-7), with commentaries and appendices. The Oxford English Novels series issued the six major novels in 1970-1, and texts and notes for that edition are reproduced in the present World's Classics texts.
Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature ( Modern Humanities Research Association, 1920- ).
GILSON DAVID, A Bibliography of Jane Austen ( Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982).
GREY J. DAVID, LITZ A. WALTON, and SOUTHAM BRIAN (eds.), The Jane Austen Companion ( New York: Macmillan, 1986); in UK as The Jaxe Austen Handbook ( London: Athlone Press, 1986).
KEYNES GEFFREY, Jane Austen: A Bibliography ( London: Nonesuch Press, 1929).
ROTH BARRY, and WEINSHEIMER JOEL, An Annotated Bibliographyof Jane Austen Studies 1952-75