The Industrial Worker in Pennsylvania, 1800-1840

By William A. Sullivan | Go to book overview

V
LABOR ORGANIZATION DURING THE AGE OF JACKSON

THE RETURN of prosperity in the decade of the 1820's saw a resurgence of trade union activity, and the real beginnings of a labor movement in the United States. The period is characterized not only by the tremendous increase in labor strife and unrest but also by the appearance of stable organizations in numerous trades, such as, the carpenters, the tailors, the hatters, the bricklayers, the house painters, the stone cutters, the cabinet makers, the cordwainers and others. Moreover many of these trade unions participated in the founding of the city central which marked the beginning of the labor movement not only in Pennsylvania but in the United States.1 All trade union activity prior to this time had been conducted by separate trade societies and as John R. Commons so aptly stated, "an isolated society might create a disturbance -- not until it united with others could it create a labor movement."2

Spurred on by the democratic forces which were making themselves felt throughout the country at this time, the wage earners of Pennsylvania, keenly aware of their importance both as a political and an economic force and convinced that their oppressions were great and constantly increasing, played an active and leading part in urging the working men to present a common front in their struggle to right these wrongs.

In 1827, the drive of the building trades' workmen in Philadelphia for the ten-hour day resulted in the formation of the Mechanics' Union of Trade Associations, the first coordinated movement of different trades in the United States.3 For the first time these workers evinced an awareness of the universal nature of their problems, and a realization that these could only be solved through their united efforts. "It has often been necessary for those who feel aggrieved, to associate, for the purpose of affording to each other mutual protection from oppres

____________________
1
See George E. McNeill, The Labor Movement, the Problem of Today ( New York, 1887), pp. 71, 72; Richard T. Ely, The Labor Movement in America ( London, 1890), p. 3; Commons, History of Labour, I, pp. 156, 169, 185.
2
Commons, Documentary History, V, p. 21.
3
The Pennsylvanian, April 5, 1836.

-99-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Industrial Worker in Pennsylvania, 1800-1840
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 253

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.