King Charles the Martyr, 1643-1649

By Esmé Wingfield-Stratford | Go to book overview

I
TERTIUM QUID

CHARLES had won the campaign, but even in winning it, he had made more certain than ever the loss of the war. For by his very success he had forced his enemies to suspend their own differences and bring the whole of their overwhelming resources into play with the sole object of destroying him.

The rebellion had originally been engineered as a means to a political end by a closely knit group of wealthy men with a clear consciousness of their own interests, but with no inconveniently positive ideal either of a religious or a political complexion. They had exploited for all it was politically worth the ideological fervour of Calvinist Protestantism among the populace, but they had had every intention of keeping it in control. Far from allowing the populace to become a law or an inspiration to itself in matters of faith and morals, they proposed to force the country into a spiritual strait waistcoat such as the most authoritarian prelate or sovereign would never have dreamed of imposing. It seems probable that they would originally have been content to do this within the framework, appropriately modified, of the existing Church, and that they were only forced into promoting a root and branch ecclesiastical revolution and finally a full-blooded Presbyterian Kirk system, by the rigour of their political game.

But this new movement that was astir in the army, and called itself Independency, was the democratic principle run riot in the spiritual sphere, and as such the flat negation of that oligarchic control which the Parliamentary bosses sought to impose on the country. A victory that deprived the King of sovereignty in order to lodge it in every unlettered and unmonied congregation where two or three enthusiasts were gathered together would, from their point of view, be worse than a defeat. The last thing they had ever intended to do was to take the sovereignty from King Charles in order to transfer it to any power but their own--least of all to that of Tom, Dick and Harry.

-73-

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King Charles the Martyr, 1643-1649
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Introduction v
  • Contents ix
  • Illustrations xiii
  • I - The Clinch 1
  • I - The Court at Oxford 3
  • 3 - Newark and Cheriton 7
  • 4 - A Desperate Situation 11
  • 5 - Adieu! 16
  • 6 - The King's Strategy 19
  • 7 - A Night March 21
  • 8 - Rupert's Flank March Through Lancashire 25
  • 9 - The Relief of York and Cropredy Bridge 30
  • 10 - Marston Moor--The Challenge 33
  • II - Marston Moor--The Decision 36
  • 12 - The Escape of the Queen 50
  • 14 - Second Newbury and the Cavalier Recovery 54
  • 15 - Artist as General 58
  • II - Defeat 71
  • I - Tertium Quid 73
  • 3 - "Three Things I Will Not Part With" 76
  • 4 - The Liquidation of the Primate 81
  • 5 - A Foredoomed Negotiation 88
  • 6 - An Irish Imbroglio 92
  • 9 - Prelude to Naseby 97
  • 10 - Naseby 102
  • 12 - The King's Cabinet Rifled 112
  • 13 - The King Takes His Stand 116
  • 15 - Meeting and Reconciliation 124
  • 16 - Last Days at Oxford 130
  • 17 - Hobson's Choice 141
  • III - Captivity 149
  • I - Confidence Trick 151
  • 2 - Third Degree at Newcastle 155
  • 4 - "Barbarously Baited" 159
  • 5 - Foreshadowing Martyrdom 162
  • 6 - A King for Cash 168
  • 7 - Holdenby Backwater 171
  • 8 - The Mutiny of the New Model 173
  • 9 - The Commission of Cornet Joyce 178
  • 10 - The King at Newmarket 189
  • 15 - The Fall of London 203
  • 16 - Cromwell on the Turn 208
  • 17 - A Darkening Prospect 219
  • 18 - Escape from Prison 224
  • 21 - The Engagement with the Scots 232
  • 22 - The Trap Shuts 244
  • 24 - Escape Barred 247
  • 26 - Jane Whorwood 256
  • IV - Martyrdom 285
  • I - The Train is Laid 287
  • 3 - Hurst Castle and Pride's Purge 295
  • 4 - Journey to Windsor 299
  • 6 - Conspiracy to Murder 301
  • 7 - High Court of Justice 308
  • 8 - By What Authority? 313
  • 13 - Cromwell Takes Charge 344
  • 14 - Preparation for Death 348
  • 16 - "Cruel Necessity" 354
  • Appendices 369
  • Index 381
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