An Atlas of African Affairs

By Andrew Boyd; Patrick Van Rensburg | Go to book overview

A. Population

Two great areas of Africa are virtually empty: the vast Sahara desert, larger than the United States, and the desert and semi-desert regions of the south-west. Elsewhere, the population is very unevenly distributed. Thinly peopled zones with less than ten people per square mile separate the five main concentrations of population, which are: West Africa, north of the Gulf of Guinea (60 million people, over 35 million of them in Nigeria); the north-western coastal belt along the Mediterranean (26 million); the valley of the Nile (30 million); the eastern highlands, especially around the great lakes and the sources of the Nile (30 million); the eastern half of South Africa and neighbouring areas (20 million).

Population increase is now rapid, and probably two-fifths of the whole population are under 15 years of age. By the end of the century Africa's population, now reckoned at between 240 and 250 million, may have doubled itself, and reached the 500 million mark. If present trends continue, this increase will make for still more uneven distribution; growth is greatest in areas that are already well populated, and the modern cities founded by Europeans are drawing in more people. There are few ancient cities in the interior; the Yoruba (C, 20) of western Nigeria have the only strong urban tradition found outside the Moslem lands of the north.

European settlement has mostly been concentrated in areas where white men have found the climate favourable and good conditions for raising commercial crops: in Algeria in the north, South Africa and the Rhodesias in the south, the highlands of Kenya and the Congo in the east. The other large immigrant community is of Indian origin, and is found in eastern Africa from Kenya and Uganda southward to Natal (D).

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An Atlas of African Affairs
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 3
  • Contents 5
  • Foreword 7
  • A. Population 10
  • B. Regions and Barriers 12
  • C. Languages and Peoples 14
  • D. European and Asian Settlement 20
  • E. 'Pre-European' History 22
  • F. Europeans on the Coast 24
  • G. the European 'scramble' 26
  • H. the New Political Map 28
  • I. British and French Heritages 30
  • J. United Nations Activity 32
  • K. Pan-Africanism and Regional Unity 34
  • L. Africa Overseas 36
  • M. Education 38
  • N. Health and Pests 40
  • O. Minerals 42
  • P. Transport 44
  • Q. Power, Development And Research 46
  • 1. the Maghreb 48
  • 2. Morocco and Mauritania 50
  • 3. Algeria 52
  • 4. Tunisia and Libya 54
  • 5. Egypt and Its Neighbours 57
  • 6. Suez Canal 58
  • 7. Suez-Sinai Conflict, 1956 60
  • 8. the Nile 62
  • 9. Egypt 64
  • 10. the Sudan 66
  • 11. Ethiopia 68
  • 12. the Somalis 70
  • 13. West Africa 72
  • 14. Ex-French Africa 74
  • 15. Ex-French West Africa 76
  • 16. 'Equatorial' Africa 78
  • 17. Commonwealth West Africa 80
  • 18- Senegambia, Sierra Leone, Liberia 82
  • 19. Ghana and Its Neighbours 84
  • 20. Nigeria 86
  • 21. Cameroons 88
  • 22. Two Congos 90
  • 23. Post-Belgian Congo 92
  • 24. Lower Congo 94
  • 25. Between the Lakes 96
  • 26. Ruanda-Urundi 98
  • 27. British East and Central Africa 100
  • 28. Uganda 102
  • 29. Kenya 104
  • 30. Tanganyika and Zanzibar 106
  • 31. the Rhodesias 108
  • 32. Katanga and Copperbelt 110
  • 33. Nyasaland 112
  • 34. Angola and Mozambique 114
  • 35. Malagasy (madagascar) 116
  • 36. South Africa and Its Neighbours 118
  • 37. Protectorates and S.W. Africa 120
  • 38. Eastern South Africa 122
  • Index 125
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