An Atlas of African Affairs

By Andrew Boyd; Patrick Van Rensburg | Go to book overview

36. South Africa and its Neighbours

South Africa lost its Commonwealth membership in 1961. Its white inhabitants had voted (850,000 to 775,000) for a republican constitution, which came into force on May 31st. It withdrew its application to remain a member after this change when it found other Commonwealth countries reluctant to agree unless it altered its racial policies -- which have been almost universally condemned abroad.

The swift advance to independence of former colonies (H) had transformed South Africa's international position. Up to 1959, its whites felt shielded from the impact of African nationalism by a belt of British, Belgian and Portuguese territories where independence seemed a long way off. But then the 'wind of change' blew through British East and Central Africa (27), Belgium quit the Congo (23), and in 1961 Portugal faced revolt in Angola (34). Meanwhile African states farther north, angered by the South African government's racial doctrines and treatment of non-Europeans, campaigned against it ever more vigorously in the United Nations and other forums, and initiated economic sanctions against it.

South Africa's white population is much greater than that of any other African country -- 3 million, about 8 million of them Afrikaans-speakers of Dutch origin, about 2 million English-speakers, mainly of British origin. South Africa's 16 million people include 11 million Bantu Africans, 500,000 Indians, and 11/2 million 'Coloureds' of European-African mixed stock (D); but the whites have kept a monopoly of political power.

Dutch settlement around Cape Town dates from 1652. In the 17th century farmers were already moving eastward. In the western Cape, sprinkled only with nomad Hottentot and Bushmen, land seemed theirs for the taking; and as they toiled across the arid Karoo, their strict Calvinism produced a biblical sense of journeying to a promised land (this still underlies Afrikaner thought). After 1806, when Britain annexed the Dutch colony, and especially in the 1830s, many Afrikaner farmers (Boers) 'trekked' still farther east and north to escape from British rule (and from restraints on their treatment of Africans). North of the Orange river (and in the eastern Cape) they came up against Bantu tribesmen; and the creation of the Boer republics of the Orange Free State (O.F.S.) and Transvaal, and Boer settlement in Natal, involved wars with Basuto, Zulu and others (38).

British immigration, from around 1820 at the Cape and 1830 in

-118-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
An Atlas of African Affairs
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 134

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.