Study Objectives and Design
The major objectives of the 3-year longitudinal study Studies of Education Reform: Assessment of Student Performance areas follows:1
Objective 1: Document and analyze key characteristics of performance assessments.
Objective 2: Document and analyze facilitators and barriers in assessment reform.
Objective 3: Document and assess impacts of performance assessments on teaching and learning.
Our ultimate purpose in this study was to elucidate the status of assessment reform in U.S. education systems and to offer recommendations for policy and future research.
Our approach to meeting the three objectives outlined here was driven by our conceptualization of the relationships among the factors driving and affecting assessment reform and its outcomes. We conceptualized the key characteristics of performance assessments and the facilitators and barriers in assessment reform as interdependent variables that influence teaching and learning processes and student achievement. Figure A.1 illustrates our conceptual scheme.
Our research design employed a qualitative, case-study approach to collecting data about performance assessments and their impacts at the school level. In addition, during the course of the study, we also collected a library of policy,____________________