1905 in St. Petersburg: Labor, Society, and Revolution

By Gerald D. Surh | Go to book overview
Save to active project

The Industrial Crisis and St. Petersburg Labor

Although the causes and general economic effects of the industrial crisis of 1899-1904 have been closely analyzed, its effect on the labor movement, presumed to have been profound, has not been differentiated by industry or geographical area or very extensively studied at all.1 Soviet historians have treated the crisis as a decisive step in the country's transition from the capitalist stage of development to the imperialist, monopoly-capitalist stage, and even as the opening of the revolutionary era that brought the downfall of autocracy and capitalism.2 Yet even the labor historians have dwelt more on the changes that the crisis produced in machine technology, in the degree of concentration and monopolization, and in the linkages between industrial and banking capital than on its immediate effects upon the working class.3 Yet 3,000 firms closed from 1900 to 1903, and 90,000 workers were idled in the Ukrainian iron and steel industry alone. The effect of the crisis on different industries varied a great deal. It was felt first in textile manufacturing and later, but more heavily, in the metal industry. It affected the everyday life of working Russia,

V. Mukoseev, "Promyshlennyi pod"em ili promyshlennyi krizis," Obrazovanie ( 1907), nos. 8 (pp. 25-48), 9 (pp. 44-73), 10 (pp. 1-23). A. Piletskii, "Ekonomicheskii krizis i ego okonchanie," Obrazovanie, no. 4 ( 1906), otd. II, pp. 29-53. Balabanov, "Promyshlennost' v Rossii v nachale XX veka." Khromov, Ekonomicheskoe razvitie Rossii v XIX-XX vekakh, 1800-1917, pp. 307-13.
S. I. Potolov, "Proletariat Peterburga na rubezhe XIX-XX vv.," in Istoriia rabochikh Leningrada, p. 231. A. M. Solov'eva in Rabochii klass Rossii. Ot zarozhdeniia do nachala XX v., ed. M. S. Volin, Iu. I. Kir'ianov, et al. (M., 1983), p. 180. A. P. Korelin in Bovykin et al., eds., Rabochii klass v pervoi rossiiskoi revoliutsii 1905-1907 gg., p. 31.
For example, see Bovykin et al., eds., Rabochii klass, p. 383, n. 26.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
1905 in St. Petersburg: Labor, Society, and Revolution


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 460

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?