The first permanent settlement in South Carolina was in 1670. One hundred years previously, the French had made a settlement on the Island of St. Helena, under the auspices of Admiral Caligney, who sought in Carolina an asylum for the oppressed Protestants of France. This little colony was captured by the Spaniards, who hung the prisoners and left a label stating that they were not executed as Frenchmen, but as heretics. The French returned and re-captured the fort. They then hung all the Spaniards, and stated that they were not executed as Catholics but as murderers and robbers. The settlement was abandoned by the French.
Governor Sayle landed at Port Royal with a few followers in 1670, and the next year becoming dissatisfied with the place, moved to the western banks of the Ashley River, and there laid the foundation of "old Charlestown." This situation did not please the settlers, and they removed a second time to "Oyster Point" and there commenced the present city of Charleston. Fifteen or twenty years after the planting of this English colony in South Carolina, there was a large emigration from France of Huguenots who sought religious liberty in the new world, and landed in Charleston. Amongst them were many ancestors of the most distinguished families of South Carolina, viz.: the Hugers, Gaillards, Marions, Laurens, Legares, Mazycks, Manigaults, Prioleaus, Postells, Porchers, Simons, Ravenels, Trezevants, etc. They settled mostly on the Santee River, and were looked upon with jealousy by the English. For some years they were not allowed to vote or sit in the Colonial Legislature.