In an age when most American psychologists understood human nature as a mere response to stimulus, worshipped experimentalism, and studied psychologically maladjusted persons, Allport, Maslow, Rogers, and May advocated a humanistic psychology that studied the subjective aspects of becoming a person, sought to improve human nature and society, and trusted and placed the uniqueness of each person at the core of its concerns. With the partial exception of May, their critique of experimental psychology (behaviorism in particular), views on the proper method of psychology, and proposal for the humanistic psychology they helped to establish in the 1960s constituted a rare if not unique clarification and syncretism of the experimental and phenomenological paradigms in the history and systems of psychology. The views of Allport, Maslow, Rogers, and May on the proper methods of psychology and of understanding human nature were an original American expression of existentialism and phenomenology-- or, as they are best known in the history and systems of psychology, their views were major pillars of the humanistic current in psychology.
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Publication information: Book title: The Founders of Humanistic Psychology. Contributors: Roy José DeCarvalho - Author. Publisher: Praeger. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1991. Page number: 131.
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