Principals' Dilemmas: Intraorganizational Demands and Environmental Boundary Spanning Activities Jack Y. L. Lam
School administrators in Canada are facing many dilemmas in executing their responsibilities these days. Basically, these dilemmas arise as principals' responsibilities increase in scope and complexity. In a social environment marked by turmoil and constraints, school operation is embroiled in a continued controversy: the declining resources that the school receives clash with rising public expectations of what the school should achieve. The philosophical orientation of providing educational equality for all students, punctuated by the current mainstreaming movement, runs counter to the demand for academic excellence in the face of international comparison and competition.
In the context of these basic contradictions, this chapter intends to explore in detail two major dimensions of tensions and contradictions inherent in principals' roles -- internal needs for greater coordination and environmental demands for more assertive leadership.
Within the internal dimension of administrative responsibilities, dilemmas are found in four levels of principals' operation. Details of these problematic areas must be fully scrutinized to develop an insight into the challenges and concerns current principals face.
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Publication information: Book title: School Administration:Persistent Dilemmas in Preparation and Practice. Contributors: Stephen L. Jacobson - Editor, Edward S. Hickcox - Editor, Robert B. Stevenson - Editor. Publisher: Praeger. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 1996. Page number: 127.
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