presents it in its rightful light as a set of sophisticated traditions for
managing self, emotions, and consciousness. Shamanic practices elicit
neurognostic structures to facilitate the symbolic action on self, psyche,
and psychobiology. Knowledge of human nature -- mind and body --
incorporated into shamanic beliefs and practices provides resources
for modern psychodynamic adjustment and development. The different ASC traditions share effects on self and on emotions, but they
differ in specific psychodynamics, reflecting different social conditions
and their effects on psychological structures, self, and others.
"Metaphor is a way of thinking of it in relation to a vehicle ( Ortony 1979). Metaphor works by mapping the topic onto the high salience
features of the vehicle, finding additional salient features and then translating back to the topic domain" ( Kirmayer 1993, 172). The interaction
of topic and vehicle is necessary for metaphoric relation. "Topic and vehicle
are conceptual models or structures that function as operators to asymmetrically modify each other. Metaphors relate structures, not their elements" (173).
"Meaning is at once sensuous, emotional and conceptual [and situated]
. . . in relation to body and society, archetype and myth . . . Metaphoric
concepts conjoin the abstract and the concrete in experience so thought
and feeling are aspects of the same image, concept, or action. Our complex thoughts and feelings are built on a foundation of simpler metaphors that involve motivational judgments that are closer to what we
mean by the term emotion" ( Kirmayer 1993, 184).
The reptilian brain (R-complex) is based in a group of ganglionic structures at the base of the forebrain, including the striatal complex consisting of a group of structures (olfactostriatum, corpus striatum, globus
pallidus, and others) that belong to the basal ganglia (which has been
implicated in the causation of obsessive compulsive disorder).
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Shamanism:The Neural Ecology of Consciousness and Healing.
Contributors: Michael Winkelman - Author.
Publisher: Bergin & Garvey.
Place of publication: Westport, CT.
Publication year: 2000.
Page number: 276.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may
not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.