Obviously there are important legal and practical differences between the positions of newspapers and the broadcasting media. As far as the law is concerned, it must be remembered that the latter are relatively tightly regulated, in that, first, a licence must be granted before a commercial broadcaster, whether of radio or television, is free to operate; secondly, broadcasting legislation1 imposes a number of detailed programme requirements; and thirdly (at the time of writing), the Broadcasting Complaints Commission controls, among other matters, the fairness of programmes.2 Equally, the BBC operates under a Charter and an Agreement, which impose broadly similar programme standards to those governing private channels and stations; further, it is also subject to the control of the Broadcasting Complaints Commission (BCC) in the same way as private radio and television. Broadcasters therefore operate in a culture of control and regulation, far removed from that found in the press, whether national or regional.
An important practical difference is that many programmes,____________________
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Publication information: Book title: Libel and the Media:The Chilling Effect. Contributors: Eric Barendt - Author, Laurence Lustgarten - Author, Kenneth Norrie - Author, Hugh Stephenson - Author. Publisher: Clarendon Press. Place of publication: Oxford. Publication year: 1997. Page number: 100.
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