Libel and the Media: The Chilling Effect

By Eric Barendt; Laurence Lustgarten et al. | Go to book overview
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absolute privilege, defence of, 12-13
Scots law, 27, 162
accidental defamation. see unintentional defamation
Addington, Lord, 1
admissibility of evidence
bad reputation, evidence of, 22
aggravated damages, 10, 22
Aitken, Jonathan, 69
Aldington, Lord, 24
apology, 21, 58, 59, 73, 85
book publishers, 134
broadcasting, 118
offer of, 15-16
regional newspapers, 86-7
damages awards, 23-4, 28
jurisdiction of appellate court, 23-4
Scots law, 28
arbitration, 60
Archer, Jeffrey, 22
Associated Newspapers Group, 36, 42
association, 4-5
Atiyah, Patrick, 73
constitutional defence to libel actions, 15, 32
contracts with publishers, 137
liability in defamation, 8, 136
relationship with publishers, 34, 136-9
awards of damages. seedamages
bad reputation, evidence of, 22
barristers, 85, 104. see alsocounsel's opinion
absolute privilege, 13, 27
costs, 56-7, 74. see also legal costs night lawyers, 51, 54
BBC, 40, 100, 102, 103, 184
financial costs
budget for libel payments, 120-1
intervention by lawyers, 110, 112
legal staff, 103-4
Litigation Department, 104, 117
negative checking, 115
pre-transmission pressure, 114
pre-transmission procedures, 105
legal advice, 105, 106, 107
problematic programmes and items, 109
Programme Complaints Unit, 103
Programme Legal Advice Department, 103-4, 105, 115, 117, 123
radio programmes, 123
resolution of complaints and writs, 117, 119, 120
unintentional defamation, 115
Upjohn action, 19, 119
BBC Radio Scotland, 179
BBC Scotland, 163, 166, 170-1, 176. see alsoScottish media
legal advisers and editors,
relationship between, 172
legal staff, 168
Belfast cases heard in, 58
Benn Brothers, 142
Bevan, Aneurin, 153-4
The Big Story, 109
Billy Connolly's World Tour of Scotland ( BBC Scotland), 170


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