Initial Industrialization Problems in Italy
The Sabbath Gentile, one assisting the Jew to observe his Sabbath properly, became a permanent phenomenon as time passed, a sure indication that not only individuals but also community institutions required his services. R. Abraham Gombiner realized that in his own community of Kalisch "they allow themselves to hire a Gentile under contract to remove the garbage from the streets, and the Gentile does the work on the Sabbath."1 R. Abraham, the author of Magen Avraham, assumed as self-evident that this had been permitted in the past by a scholarly ruling (". . . and we must conclude that a great rabbi handed down this ruling"), and he guessed that this permissive ruling was based on the fact that "because of the community ['s involvement] there is no ground for suspicion."2 The ban on contracting is imposed on account of appearances, but an entire community is not suspect.____________________
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Publication information: Book title: The "Shabbes Goy":A Study in Halakhic Flexibility. Contributors: Jacob Katz - Author, Yoel Lerner - Translator. Publisher: Jewish Publication Society. Place of publication: Philadelphia. Publication year: 1989. Page number: 107.
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