The President and
No free country has ever been without parties, which are a natural offspring of Freedom.
James Madison, from a speech at the Constitutional Convention 1787
The spirit of party serves always to distract the public councils, and enfeeble the public administration. It agitates the community with ill-founded jealousies and false alarms; kindles the animosity of one part against another; foments occasional riot and insurrection.
George Washington, Farewell Address to the People of the United States, September 19, 1796
[The president] is the party nominee and the only party nominee for whom the whole nation votes. . . . He can dominate his party by being spokesman for the real sentiment and purpose of the country, by giving direction to opinion, by giving the country at once the information and the statements of policy which will enable it to form its judgments alike of parties and of men. . . . He may be both the leader of his party and the leader of the nation, or he may be one or the other. If he can lead the nation, his party can hardly resist him.
Woodrow Wilson, Constitutional Government in the United States ( Columbia University Press, 1908), pp. 67-69