ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURE OF INTERNATIONAL CONGRESSES AND CONFERENCES
292. Purpose and Character of International Congresses and Conferences. -- The enormous increase in the number, variety, and importance of International Congresses and Conferences1 since the middle of the nineteenth century has been pointed out in Chapter IV.2 The organization and work of the Council and Assembly League of Nations will be discussed in Chapter XXIII. In this connection it will be merely necessary to point out a few of the rules governing the organization and procedure of these bodies.
They usually consist3 of delegates or representatives of a number of Sovereign States clothed with diplomatic privileges and immunities, and bearing full powers and instructions, who meet for the purpose of discussing matters of common interest, or for that of negotiating agreements on certain subjects. The most important are those which meet to make peace and settle great political questions, like the Congress of Vienna in 1815 or that of Berlin in 1878, and the Paris Peace Conference of 1919; to discuss and decide matters of common interest, like the various Pan-American Conferences; or to negotiate great Lawmaking Treaties or World Agreements like the Hague Peace Conferences of 1899 and 1907.4____________________