The Essentials of International Public Law and Organization

By Amos S. Hershey | Go to book overview
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Rights of Visit and Search. -- * Atherley-Jones ( 1907), chs. 5-6; Barclay, Problems, etc., 71-72; Bluntschli, Arts. 819-26; Bonfils, Nos. 1589 ff.; 5 Calvo, §§ 2939-91; 2 Cobbett, 655 ff.; Dana, notes, 242-243 to Wheaton, 692-96, 698-700; Despagnet, Nos. 693-95; Duboc, in 4 R. D. I. P. ( 1897), 382 ff., and Le droit de visites, etc. ( 1902); * Dupuis, Le droit de la guerre maritime ( 1899 and 1911), ch. 9; Evans, Cases, 535 ff.; 2 Fauchille, Nos. 1657 ff.; 3 Fiore, Nos. 1630-41, and Int. Law Cod., Nos. 1876 ff.; Geffcken, in 4 Holtzendorff, 773-81; * Hall, Pt. IV, ch. 10; Hall J. A., Law of Naval Warfare ( 1921), ch. 10; * 2 Halleck, ch. 27; 3 Hautefeuille, Des droits des neutres,1-202; Heffter, §§ 169-71; Hirschmann, Das int Prisenrecht ( 1912), §§ 33-34; * Holland, Manual of [British] Prize Law ( 1888), Nos. 1-17, 151-230; * 2 Hyde, §§ 724-35; * 2 Kleen, 246-389; Lawrence, § 186; Lawrence W. B., Visitation and Search ( 1858); Loewenthal , Das Untersuchungsrecht, etc. ( 1905); Manning, Law of Nations, (h. 11; Mirbach, Die völkerr. Grundsätze des Durchsuchungsrecht C1903); * 7 Moore, Digest, §§ 1199 ff.; Naval War College, Int. LawTopics

The radical character of several of these provisions should be particularly noted. The jurisdiction of the Court was in effect obligatory and it was given power to give decisions on the basis of justice and equity, i.e., it was expressly empowered to make law.

The Convention was signed by most of the States represented at the Conference, but was ratified by only a few of the more important ones. The United States Senate consented to ratification after a Protocol had been signed in 1910 which revised certain provisions of the Convention. This Protocol provided in effect that appeals to the Court might take the form of actions against the nation for damages, instead of appeals in the original cases as tried in the national courts.

But our President never ratified the Convention inasmuch as Great Britain delayed ratification both of the Convention for the Establishment of an International Prize Court and of the Declaration of London which had laid down rules for its guidance. The defeat in the House of Lords of the bill that would have enabled the British Government at once to adopt the Declaration and establish the Court settled its fate and the Court never came into existence.

On the International Prize Court, see: 1 and 2 Actes et doc. de la deuxième confér., 165, 188-229, and 11-33, 783-856, 1071-1106 respectively; Barcley, Problems, etc., 105-08; Bonfils or 2 Fauchille, Nos. 1440 and 1691; Brown, in 2 A. J. ( 1908), 476 ff.; Bustamante y Sirven, La seconde conférence de la paix ( 1909), ch. 27; Curtius, in 41 R. D. I. ( 1909), 5 ff.; * Dupuis Le droit de la guerre maritime ( 1899 and 1911), ch. 11; Fried, Die zweite Haager Konferenz,121-30; Gregory, in 2 A. J. ( 1908), 458 ff.; Hershey, in 19 Green Bag ( 1907), 652 ff.; * Higgins, 407-44; * Holland, War and Neutrality, 150-62; * Lawrence, § 192, and in International Problems, etc., 141-59, 182-97; * Lémonon, La seconde conférence de la paix ( 1908), 280-335; * 2 Oppenheim, §§ 438-47; Ozanan, La juridsiction int. des prises maritimes ( 1910), Pt. II, 121 ff.; 1 Pohl, Deutsche Prisengerichtsbarkeit ( 1911) 47 ff., * Potter, Int. Organization ( 1922), 241, 243-52; * Renault, in I Scott, 492-93, 501; * 1 Scott, ch. 10, and in 5 A. J. ( 1911), 302 ff.; Scott, Resolutions (for Project of the Institute of Int. Law), 22-23; * 2 Westlake (ed., 1907), 288-97; White, in 2 A. J. ( 1908), 490 ff.


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