Harris D. Riley Jr.
The historian Richard H. Shryock in his article in American Quarterly ( 1962) stated that if the war's medical aspects are omitted, the story is not only incomplete but is unrealistic as a total picture. Paralleling the enormous expansion of literature about the American Civil War has been the growth of attention and writings relating to the medical aspects. Useful guides to the general literature containing specific sections on the medical aspects are Henry P. Beers, Guide to the Archives of the Confederate States of America ( 1968); Robin Higham, A Guide to the Sources of United States Military History ( 1975); Charles E. Dornbusch , Military Bibliography of the Civil War ( 1961- 1992); Kenneth W. Munden and Henry P. Beers, Guide to Federal Archives Relating to the Civil War ( 1962); and Allan Nevins, James I. Robertson Jr., and Bell I. Wiley, Civil War Books ( 1967- 1969).
The most useful general studies of the medical aspects of the war are George W. Adams's Doctors in Blue ( 1952) describing the Union Medical Department, and Horace H. Cunningham Doctors in Gray ( 1968) about the Confederate medical effort. Stewart M. Brooks Civil War Medicine ( 1966) is useful and treats medicine both North and South in a topical rather than chronologic manner. Paul E. Steiner Diseases in the Civil War ( 1968) and Physician-Generals in the Civil War ( 1966) are very useful. The former is particularly valuable in its discussion of type and incidence of various diseases. Louis C. Duncan Medical Department of the United States Army in the Civil War (n.d.) was