Comparative Physiology of the Nervous Control of Muscular Contraction

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CONTENTS
Preface pagevii
1 THE MYONEURAL APPARATUS1

Introduction. Coelenterates. Platyhelminths. Nemertines, rotifers and minor phyla. Nematodes. Annelids. Molluscs. Echinoderms. Arthropods. Tunicates. Hemichordates and Cephalochordates. Vertebrates

2 THE ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF MUSCLE CELLS AT REST27

The resting potential of a muscle fibre: Historical; the absolute value of the resting potential; theories of the source of the resting potential. Physical characteristics of the membrane: Determination of the length constant λ; the time constant Τm; capacitance of the membrane

3 EXCITATION OF MUSCLE: THE ACTION POTENTIAL44

Characteristics of action potentials. Theory of the ionic basis of the action potential. Mechanism of initiation of action potentials

4 NEUROMUSCULAR TRANSMISSION: THE END- PLATE OR JUNCTION POTENTIAL57

Characteristics of the end-plate potential. Theory of the endplate potential. The role of the transmitter substance

5 COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY OF MYONEURAL MECHANISMS67

General principles. Coelenterates. Tunicates. Annelids. Echinoderms. Molluscs. Arthropods: Crustacea; insects. The ordinary vertebrate mechanism. The slow system of the frog. Vertebrate smooth muscle. Heart muscle

6 SUMMARY AND DISCUSSION119

Evolution of myoneural apparatus and mechanisms. Contractility of fibrillar and non-fibrillar sarcoplasm. Problems of the mechanism coupling membrane changes to contraction

References129
Index145

-v-

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