John F. Kennedy: The Promise Revisited

By Paul Harper; Joann P. Krieg | Go to book overview

For all effective purposes, Kennedy combined the promise of change with a record of achievement in Guam and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. It was one of his few accomplishments in realizing the New Frontier, and his endeavors were welcomed in the islands.


NOTES

This chapter is based on recently declassified documents ( 1979-1984) at the John F. Kennedy Library as well as a recently declassified National Security Council report at the National Archives, and heretofore unresearched records at the Micronesian Area Research Center at the University of Guam (MARC). I would like to thank the American Historical Association for its generous assistance in this project.

1.
Several historical works exist on individual western Pacific Islands and their development and security problems. However, there is no specific study concerning the evolution of Washington's policy toward modern Micronesia, particularly during the pivotal Kennedy era. The most successful political/strategic studies of selected islands in the region remain Daniel T. Hughes and Sherwood G. Lingenfelter, Political Development in Micronesia ( Columbus, Ohio: State University Press, 1974), pp. 3-309; James H. Webb Jr. , Micronesia and U.S. Pacific Strategy: A Blueprint for the 1980s ( New York: Praeger, 1974), pp. 61-102; and David Nevin, The American Touch in Micronesia ( New York: W. W. Norton, 1977), pp. 70-96. For Nucker's comments and a brief account of Micronesia in the 1950s, see: E. J. Kahn Jr., A Reporter in Micronesia ( New York: W. W. Norton, 1966), p. 119. Following this episode, Nucker resigned and was replaced by his assistant, M. W. Goding, a Democrat sympathetic to the Kennedy administration.
2.
J. Robert Schaetzel to George Ball, Memorandum on Proposal for a Pacific Community, November 2, 1961, JFK Library, Box 345/NSF.
3.
Separating the Kennedy promises from the Kennedy record has been a favorite topic for a number of writers, such as Henry Fairlie, The Kennedy Promise: The Politics of Expectation ( Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1973), Louise FitzSimons, The Kennedy Doctrine (New York, 1972), or William Leuchtenburg, In the Shadow of FDR: From Harry Truman to Ronald Reagan ( Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1983). More specific studies of Kennedy's foreign policy, particularly stressing the Third World, have drawn distinctions between New Frontier foreign policy promises and have found them wanting. See Richard D. Mahoney, JFK: Ordeal in Africa ( New York, 1983), and Montague Kern, Patricia W. Levering, and Ralph B. Levering, The Kennedy Crises: The Press, the Presidency, and Foreign Policy ( Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1983).
4.
Aspinall to Kennedy, March 20, 1962, JFK Library, Box 940/White House Central Files. "Micronesia is a term which is often misused and misunderstood. Generally, the term is used synonymously with the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands; this is a political description. Geographically, Micronesia includes the Marianas, Carolines, Marshalls, Kiribati ( Gilberts), and Nauru." Dirk Ballendorf, Director, Micronesian Area Research Institute, University of Guam. This chapter uses "Micronesia" in a geographic sense.
5.
The United States and Hawaii and Our Future in Asia," JFK Library, Excerpts from the Remarks of Senator John F. Kennedy, 1958.

-116-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
John F. Kennedy: The Promise Revisited
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 362

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.