A Curious Creature
Since establishing a world state seems unrealistic at this time and since the present international political system is not adequate to the task of abolishing war, what can be done? Is it possible to build toward something between the present international political system and a world state that might make war less frequent?
A possible example is the recently established European Community. Created by fusing the European Atomic Energy Community, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Economic Community (Common Market) into one organization, the members of the European Community are Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom. The goal is to establish a completely integrated common market leading eventually to a federation of Europe.
Karl Deutsch's study of the Atlantic community provides some clues as to whether the European Community is a step toward what we have in mind. Following his study of nationalism, Deutsch and a number of associates tried to see if humankind might be moving toward something beyond nationalism by studying the Atlantic community. Specifically, they wanted to see if the countries bordering the North Atlantic -- Western Europe, Canada, and the United States -- contained the seeds of a new political entity, a super-state. 1 Among other things, they identified what they called a "pluralistic security community," a relationship between two or more states involving numerous contacts of all kinds coupled with the expectation that war between members of the community was unthinkable -- a "no-war community." Examples are the relationship between the United States and Canada since the 1870s and among the United States, Canada, and Mexico since the 1930s.