An example of the antislavery movement's long-term influence
upon the working class is found in the activity of Ira Steward, New
England-based labor leader, who, following the Civil War, drew upon the
logic of opposition to slavery as support for the cause of reducing the
workday to eight hours. See David Roodiger, "Ira Steward and the Anti-
Slavery Origins of American Eight-Hour Theory", Labor History (Summer 1986), 410-26; there is also David Brion Davis's pertinent observation
that in the United States "radical labor leaders and socialists found
that parallels between black and white slavery retained their resonance
well into the twentieth century." See David Brion Davis, "Reflections
on Abolitionism and Ideological Hegemony", in Thomas Bender, ed., The
Antislavery Debate ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 161-79, p. 175.
Patricia Hollis, "Anti-Slavery and British Working-Class
Radicalism in the Years of Reform", in Christine Bolt and
, eds. Anti-Slavery, Religion and Reform: Essays in Memory of
Roger Anstey ( Folkesstone: William Dawson and Sons, 1980), pp. 299, 302, 309-11.
See David Brion Davis, The Problem of Slavery in the Age of
Revolution, 1770-1823 ( Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1975), pp. 350, 361, 364-65; David Brion Davis, "The Perils of Doing History by A
Historical Abstraction: A Reply to Thomas L. Haskell's AHR Forum Reply",
Thomas Bender, ed., The Antislavery Debate ( Berkeley: University of
California Press, 1992):, 290-309, pp. 308-09; Davis, "Reflections on
Abolitionism and Ideological Hegemony", pp. 172, 173, 179. In this
rejoinder to criticism voiced by Thomas L. Haskell, Davis writes that
English employers wished to instill certain values in the working class,
those of "thinking casually, keeping promises, learning to calculate,
compute, and take responsibility for the remote consequences of one's
actions." It should, however, also be noted that such values suited the
needs of an authentic working-class sensibility.
Seymour Drescher, Capitalism and Antislavery ( New York: Oxford
University Press, 1987), pp. 145-166.
Betty Fladeland, Abolitionists and Working-Class Problems in the
Age of Industrialization ( Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, 1984), xi-xiii, 175.
R. J.M. Blackett, Building an Antislavery Wall ( Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1983), xii, 18, 21-11, 106, 147, 198, 200-01; John Blassingame writes about the reception accorded Douglass in Britain, "Working men contributed their labor to prepare halls in which
Douglass spoke, attended his lectures in considerable numbers, sent
antislavery petitions to the United States after hearing him, and sang
ballads about him." See John W. Blassingame, ed., The Frederick
Douglass Papers, Series One, Vol. 1 ( New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979), lvii.
Karl Marx, quoted in Philip S. Foner, British Labor and the
American Civil War ( New York: Holmes and Meier, 1981), p. 82.
Marcus Cunliffe, Chattel Slavery and Wage Slavery ( Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1979), pp. 19, 109.
J. M. Hernon Jr., "British Sympathies in the American Civil War", Journal of Southern History ( August 1967), 356-67, 361, 362.
Royden Harrison, quoted in Philip S. Foner, op.cit., pp. 15, 18.
Mary Ellison, Support for Secession: Lancashire and the
American Civil War ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1972), pp. 6,