PHILIP S. FONER is Professor Emeritus of History at Lincoln University. He is the author of many books, including The History of Black Americans ( 3 vols., Greenwood, 1975, 1983, 1983) and (with David Roediger) Our Own Time: A History of American Labor and the Working Day (Greenwood, 1988). More recently, he compiled (with Daniel Rosenberg) Racism, Dissent, and Asian Americans from 1850 to the Present: A Documentary History (Greenwood, 1993).
HERBERT SHAPIRO is Professor of History at the University of Cincinnati. He is author of White Violence and Black Response: From Reconstruction to Montgomery ( 1988) and has edited or co-edited several books, including American Communism and Black Americans: A Documentary History, 1930-1934 ( 1991) and Culture, Gender, Race, and U.S. Labor History ( 1993).